Harmonizing Aquatic Ecosystems

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Around 2 million people worldwide own aquariums, from tiny to massive environments mimicking natural water, that keep fish and plants. When designed with both art and science in mind, these self-sustaining aquatic FocusingOnWildlife Article offer a unique opportunity to connect people with nature while helping preserve the planet. Learn how to design and maintain a harmonious aquarium ecosystem.

1. Choose the Right Tank: Just as an artist selects a canvas to paint on, aquarists must choose the right tank to support a healthy aquatic habitat. This includes considering the size of the space, the room’s ambiance, and the owner’s vision for the tank.

Human Impact on Aquatic Ecosystems: Causes and Solutions

2. Balance the Ecosystem: The proper balance of fish species within an aquarium is crucial to the health and vitality of the habitat. This involves balancing dietary needs, temperaments, and physical compatibility. For example, fish that nip at the fins of other fish can cause stress and injury, so it is important to avoid mixing fish species with similar fin-nipping behaviors. Also, fish with large mouths should not be kept with delicate plants.

3. Ensure that Plants and Fish Coexist: Live plants in aquariums play a huge role in maintaining water quality by absorbing excess nutrients and releasing oxygen through photosynthesis. They also provide a beautiful backdrop for earthy interior designs, promoting a seamless interplay between terrestrial and underwater aesthetics.

To develop a comprehensive aquatic ecosystem impact metric, it is essential to consider effects on pelagic and sediment species as well as the occurrence of specific ecosystem damages. Since a significant proportion of chemicals are mobile and persistent in marine environments, incorporating these impacts into the current aquatic life cycle impact assessment (LCIA) framework would improve ecological protections for these habitats.